Zwölftonmusik und die Zweite Wiener Schule

Samuel Stucky Butler University
Faculty Sponsor(s): Sarah Painitz Butler University
In the early part of the twentieth century, a young violinist and composer named Arnold Schönberg began using a revolutionary technique for composition that became one of the most influential techniques of the twentieth century – rather than basing his pieces on a select set of pitches, he began to treat all twelve semitones in an octave with the same importance. As he developed his technique in the classical musical capital of the world – Vienna, Austria – he gained two students (both of whom he outlived): Alban Berg and Anton Webern. These three original members of the “Second Viennese School” of composition each developed their own unique takes on the original idea of running the gamut of strict adherence to the newly established rules to taking liberties where they liked. First, I will introduce each of the three composers, giving some basic biographical information and influences on their compositional techniques as they relate to twelve-tone music. I will play short examples of each composer’s work that exemplify their twelve-tone compositions. I will explain some of the fundamentals of twelve-tone composition and how they differ from pieces based on a scalar tonality. Finally, putting to use the techniques I’ve studied, I will compose my own short twelve-tone piece. I will discuss the application of twelve-tone technique to the compositional process as well as the associated difficulties and advantages. In addition, I will explain how twelve tone-technique works within my piece specifically and will play a MIDI-realization. This presentation will be given in German.
Modern Languages, Cultures, & Literatures
Oral Presentation

When & Where

02:00 PM
Jordan Hall 216