A Survey Assessing Second-Year Butler University Pharmacy Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Naloxone

Lauren Porter Butler University, Erin Hays Butler University
Faculty Sponsor(s): Prachi Arora Butler University, Annette McFarland Butler University
Over 72,000 Americans died from an opioid overdose in 2017. Despite the availability of naloxone, a safe and effective reversal agent, distribution of this opioid antagonist is controversial and stigmatized. This study assessed pharmacy students’ knowledge and attitudes toward naloxone dispensing in a community pharmacy setting. Second year pharmacy students were surveyed pre-post opioid epidemic lectures to assess their knowledge and attitudes toward naloxone. Attitude questions were adapted from a past, validated survey instrument. Participants ranked the following naloxone dispensing scenarios on a 5-point Likert scale: heroin user, person on prescription opioids for chronic pain, mother wanting naloxone for her daughter with opioid use disorder (OUD), patient in recovery for OUD, and a college student wanting to carry naloxone. Chi-square and Mann-Whitney two sample tests were conducted to make the pre-post comparisons. Statistical significance was determined at p<0.05. The majority of students completed the pre (n=104) and post (n=107) survey. Post-intervention students’ knowledge regarding naloxone increased significantly (p < 0.05) and the stigma associated with likelihood of getting in trouble with the law decreased significantly for 3 out of 5 vignettes (p<0.05). Also, students’ stigma, especially toward heroin users, decreased significantly (p<0.05). After the intervention, students’ knowledge increased and stigma especially towards heroin users decreased. Further research is needed to determine other stigma-reducing interventions for pharmacy students.

(references available upon request)
Pharmacy, Health Sciences, & Exercise Science
Oral Presentation

When & Where

09:15 AM
Pharmacy & Health Sciences 212