Long-term Effects of Positive Affect During Goal Adoption

Savannah Spears Butler University, Alex Retter Butler University, Lyssa Dougan Butler University
Faculty Sponsor(s): Brian Giesler Butler University
Previous research has suggested that positive affect is important for success in many life outcomes and may also play a role in goal adoption. Positive affect includes positive emotions such as joy, amusement, and alertness. Traditionally, positive affect has been studied as an outcome of success in attaining a goal. The present study aims to examine positive affect as a determinant of success specifically, whether positive affect experienced at the time of goal adoption facilitates goal achievement even after a long delay. Fifty students, who voluntarily choose to participate in the study, will be recruited from a public space on Butler University’s campus. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two videos that induce either a positive or neutral (control) mood state. Upon completing the video, participants will be asked to commit to an academic goal: what grade they would like to receive on their next major assignment. They will also be questioned about how they are feeling immediately following the video as well as their feelings of motivation toward attaining their academic goal. The current study hypothesizes that students who adopt a goal while in a positive mood state will be more successful in attaining their goal. This could possibly be due to the “energizing effect,” which is characterized by increased intrinsic motivation and task enjoyment, as well as increased persistence. Thus, goals that incorporate positive affective information in their structure and promote the “energizing effect” are more accessible.
Oral Presentation

When & Where

10:30 AM
Pharmacy & Health Sciences 204