The Effects of Embodied Cognition on Selective Attention

Kailin Mitchell Hanover College
Faculty Sponsor(s): John Krantz Hanover College
“Focus” and “Pay attention” are two commands students hear from teachers and professors alike on a daily basis. Being able to focus on a task at hand is vital to a student’s success. However, extenuating circumstances in students’ lives may hinder their attention processes. One example is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). While cognitive processes by definition have a strong relationship to the mind, they are also affected by physical processes. This is called embodied cognition. For example, it is more difficult to think and focus when the body is in an uncomfortable position. The position is physical and hindering thought and focus which are cognitive processes. In order to test this relationship of mind and body, an experiment was conducted concerning the physical process of balance and cognitive process of selective attention. Participants (N=XX) completed a working memory task and a selective attention task. The working memory task involved participants repeating back increasingly longer strings of numbers. The selective attention task was a dual task involving simultaneously tracking a dot and recognizing the letter "X". Participants were randomly assigned to either the exercise ball (sat on an exercise ball during the selective attention task) or the hard-backed chair (sat on a hard-backed chair for the duration of the study) condition.
Oral Presentation

When & Where

09:30 AM
Pharmacy & Health Sciences 204