Effect of Rurality on Diabetes-Related Hospitalizations in a Small Acute Care Hospital in Jackson County, Indiana

Lindsey Ridlen Butler University
Faculty Sponsor(s): Chad Knoderer Butler University, Jessica Wilhoite Butler University
Patient access to healthcare can be a potentially significant barrier to overall health outcomes, especially when paired with a costly and complex disease state such as diabetes. Rural patients have longer travel distances to access quality healthcare, and rural populations tend to be older, more obese, and more likely to smoke than their urban counterparts. Such is the case in Jackson County, a predominantly rural county in southern Indiana with a diabetes prevalence of 12%. The purpose of this study was to determine if patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus living in rural areas of Jackson County experience greater health disparity and more diabetes-related hospitalizations than those living in non-rural areas. The study was conducted at Schneck Medical Center, a 93-bed acute care hospital in Seymour, IN. Data was collected via retrospective chart review using the MediTech EMR system as the data source. 164 patients hospitalized between December 1, 2017 to October 22nd, 2018 with a diabetes-related ICD-10 diagnosis code appearing in their chart were included in the analysis. Patients were placed into two comparator groups based on listed address as “rural” or “not rural,” and only residents of Jackson County were included. Patients within these two groups were then compared based on overall number of hospitalizations, length of stay, and total patient charges. Findings, analysis, and conclusions from the study will be discussed as part of the presentation.
Pharmacy, Health Sciences, & Exercise Science
Oral Presentation

When & Where

01:30 PM
Pharmacy & Health Sciences 212