Jillian Fox Denison University
Faculty Sponsor(s): Taku Suzuki Denison UniversityThis research explores the evolution and application of international humanitarian law over time, specifically with reference to sexual violence prosecution after genocide by international tribunals. Existing scholarship explains that international norms grow and shift over time as humanitarian law adapts to societal expectations. However, there is a lack of scholarly attention to transnational social movements’ influence on international humanitarian laws. No clear link has been made to explain why prosecutors began indicting individuals for crimes of gender-based violence when they did. In order to explore this evolution, the case studies of the Nuremberg Trials, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda are examined, and second-wave feminist theory is applied to explain why paradigm shifts in sexual violence prosecution after genocide occur. I argue that as the world begins to understand the reality of wartime gender-based and sexual violence, and efforts by feminist organizations raise global consciousness to the issue, international humanitarian law adapts to ensure that justice prevails regardless of historical precedent. Socially progressive forces and international societal trends have influenced and changed the direction of the international legal regime’s view on sexual violence and the ways in which gender-based violence is prosecuted.
Competitive Paper--All Disciplines (includes an Oral Presentation)
Competitive Paper (includes an Oral Presentation)
When & Where
Pharmacy & Health Sciences 150