20. Influence of Income Level of Serum Markers of Fruits and Vegetables

Gabrielle Brewer Southeast Missouri State University
Faculty Sponsor(s): Francis Tayie Southeast Missouri State University
Poverty alters food habit for calorie dense foods to determine fruits and vegetables consumption. Serum carotenoid concentrations were studied to ascertain the influence of poverty on the consumption of carotenoid-rich foods. The phlebotomy sample from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004 was used to study the relationship between poverty and fruit and vegetable consumption. Data from 10,952 adults, which includes 5,478 men, and 5,474 women participated in the study. Multivariable regression models were used to study the associations between serum carotenoid concentration and poverty. Results showed that adults living below poverty line had significantly lower serum concentration of α carotene, β carotene, lutein and lycopene compared to adults living above poverty line. After adjusting for predictors, adults living below poverty line were more likely to have serum concentrations that were below the median alpha carotene, β-carotene, lutein,and lycopene, all p<0.001. It was concluded that poverty curtailed the consumption of carotenoid-rich foods such as vegetables and fruits, with concomitant decreases in serum carotenoid concentration. Food assistance to low-income adults should include options that improve consumption of carotenoid-rich foods which are fruits and vegetables that will help obesity and other diseases. The purpose of this study is to provide information about fruit and vegetable consumption those who are above or below the poverty line. Whom live below 130% have low serum levels.
Pharmacy, Health Sciences, & Exercise Science
Poster Presentation

When & Where

Irwin Library Lower Level