17. Glucose Clearance when Challenged by Fasting and the Consumption of Protein, Fat or Fiber Supplements

Morgan Davis Hanover College
Faculty Sponsor(s): Bryant Stamford Hanover College
Throughout the United States, Type II diabetes continues to rise at an alarming rate. Type II diabetes reduces the ability to process digested glucose, and therefore glucose lingers in the bloodstream and accumulates causing damage to the micro-circulation. Foods that rank high on the glycemic index are most problematic for Type II diabetes. The purpose of this study was to determine how glucose clearance is either aided or challenged by varying combinations of macro-nutrients. This case study was conducted with approval by the Hanover College Human Studies Institutional Review Board. Methods: One female subject age 21 participated in five separate randomly assigned trials. Prior to each data collection, the subject fasted a minimum of 12 hours. During each trial 75 grams of glucose was ingested and varying combinations of fat, protein, and fiber were added. Blood samples were collected during each trail at 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes post ingestion. Results and Discussion: Data collection is ongoing and nearing completion. Initial findings and pilot data suggest that protein and fat, alone and in combination, impact glucose clearance considerably. Protein has shown to have an insulinogenic effect and increase the rate of glucose clearance. Meanwhile, fat has shown to diminish and delay the glucose response. Fiber alone in combination with glucose demonstrated little effect.
Pharmacy, Health Sciences, & Exercise Science
Poster Presentation

When & Where

Irwin Library Lower Level